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School Board Elections

Nearly 6,000 men and women serve on local public school boards in Illinois, governing the education of nearly 2 million public school students across 850 school districts. School board members are elected by their local communities during a consolidated election and serve four-year terms.

Interested in school board service?

Consider the following points on school board service: qualifications, the description, reasons for serving, characteristics of effective school board members, and preparation for service on the school board.

For local school boards, IASB offers a Guide to Recruiting School Board Candidates intended to support an ongoing process of identifying, recruiting and mentoring future school board candidates.


About school board elections

School board elections are held during the Consolidated Election on the first Tuesday in April of each odd-numbered year. (If that date conflicts with Passover, the election moves to the second Tuesday.) Vacancies caused by death or resignation are filled by appointment (by the remaining board members) until the next election.

Illinois contains different types of school districts (community unit, elementary, high school, consolidated, etc.). With few exceptions, governing school boards consist of seven members elected to serve four year terms. Terms are staggered so there are three or four seats contested at each biennial election.

In many school districts, candidates run at-large. This means members of the board can live anywhere within the district and a voter can vote for any candidate(s). In some community unit and consolidated districts, proportional representation between congressional townships and between urban and rural areas is required. This may restrict the number of board members that may be elected from any given area.

Legal References


Helpful Resources for Candidates

The responsibility for conducting elections rests with the county clerk (or election commission in some locales). The following links provide guidance and information on school board elections.