November/December 2021

Journal Resources November/December 2021



Educator Shortage in 2021: Response and Recommendations

By Jim Rosborg
From Rigor to Reality: Rosborg’s previous work in the Journal
Data from the 2018, 2019, and 2020 ISBE Annual Reports
Educator Licenses Issued by Evaluation and Entitlement, page 41 of the ISBE Annual Report
ISBE’s unfilled position data
IARSS (Illinois Regional Superintendent of Schools) 2021 Educator Shortage report
Illinois Licensure Testing System, rates for ILTS 225
Golden Apple
Public Act 101-0654


Illinois Teacher Shortage: Quick Fixes and Longer-Range Solutions

By Hans A. Andrews and William A. Marzano
References for further reading
Andrews, H.A. (2014). Recognition vs. Merit Pay for Our Best Teachers. Matilda Press.
Andrews, H.A. (2001). The Dual-Credit Phenomenon! Challenging Secondary School Students Across 50 States. New Forums Press, Stillwater, OK.
Koretz, D. (2017). The Testing Charade: Pretending to Make Schools Better. University of Chicago Press
Grow Your Own
Definitions and links on the proposed ‘long-term’ fixes for teacher shortages
At Grow Your Own, they support racially diverse individuals who have a desire to become teachers in their own communities. The goal is to return teachers back home where they can be leaders inside and outside classrooms. In large cities, rural areas, and everywhere in between, students deserve teachers with whom they can identify, connect, and excel.
Educators Rising
This relatively new program is cultivating a new generation of highly skilled educators by guiding young people on a path from high school through college and into their teaching careers. Educators Rising is changing the face of teaching. This program offers a clear pathway in every school district in America for young people who want to serve their communities as highly skilled educators.
Community College Baccalaureate Association (CCBA)
Serving as a leading resource for institutions seeking to re-define their higher education practices and offerings, the Community College Baccalaureate Association (CCBA) aims to promote affordable access to community college baccalaureate degrees as a means of closing the nation’s racial, ethnic and economic gaps. Today, with the support of the CCBA, more than 23 states allow their community colleges to offer baccalaureate degrees.
Scaling Education Pathways in Illinois (SEPI)
This is the new program sponsored through Southern Illinois University
Illinois Association of Regional Superintendents of Schools
This program option was added to the School Code in the 1990’s and has had numerous sections revised or amended since that time. This article suggests that it should be considered for amendments at this time to help accommodate selling of bonds for ‘improvement of the ‘teaching infrastructure’ needed to improve the teaching and staff salaries as well as assist in covering the costs for Grow Your Own and Educators Rising programs.
Cover Story

Bargaining for Innovation: Collective Bargaining Agreements in Illinois Public School Districts

By Robert Bruno, Jill Gigstad, and Frank Manzo IV   
Aikman, Sheila and Elaine Unterhalter. (2005). Beyond Access: Transforming Policy and Practice for Gender Equality in Education. Oxfam GB.
Baker, Bruce D., Danielle Farrie, and David Sciarra. (2018). Is School Funding Fair? A National Report Card. Education Law Center (ELA) and Rutgers Graduate School of Education.
Baker, Bruce D. (2018). How Money Matters for Schools. Learning Policy Institute.
Berger, Noah and Peter Fisher. (2013). A Well-Educated Workforce Is Key to State Prosperity. Economic Policy Institute.
Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). (2017). National Compensation Survey: Employee Benefits in the United States, March 2017. U.S. Department of Labor.
Bruno, Robert and Frank Manzo IV. (2019). The Impact of Enacting a Progressive Income Tax in Illinois: Understanding How Illinois Could Cut Middle-Class Taxes, Balance the Budget, and Grow the Economy. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Project for Middle Class Renewal and the Illinois Economic Policy Institute.
Bruno, Robert and Frank Manzo IV. (2017). Public Policies That Help Grow the Illinois Economy: An Evidence-Based Review of the Current Debate. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Project for Middle Class Renewal and the Illinois Economic Policy Institute.
Census Bureau. (2018). “Annual Survey of School System Finances: Summary of Public Elementary-Secondary School System Finances by State: Fiscal Year 2015.” U.S. Department of Commerce.
Chingos, Matthew M. and Grover J. “Russ” Whitehurst. (2011). Class Size: What Research Says and What it Means for State Policy. Brookings Institute.
Civic Federation. (2017). School Districts and Property Taxes in Illinois.
Clotfelter, Charles, Elizabeth Glennie, Helen Ladd, and Jacob Vigdor. (2008). “Would Higher Salaries Keep Teachers in High-Poverty Schools? Evidence from a Policy Intervention in North Carolina.” Journal of Public Economics, 92: 1352-1370.
Deming, W. Edwards. (1982). Out of the Crisis. ISBN: 9780262541152. Published by MIT-CAES.
Dynarski, Mark. (2017). It’s Not Nothing: The Role of Money in Improving Education. Brookings Institute.
Garc├şa, Emma and Elaine Weiss. (2019). U.S. Schools Struggle to Hire and Retain Teachers. Economic Policy Institute.
Habans, Robert and Robert Bruno. (2018). Regressive Illinois: School Funding, District-level Performance, and its Implications for Revenue and Spending Policies. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Project for Middle Class Renewal.
Hinchey, Patricia H. (2010). Getting Teacher Assessment Right: What Policymakers Can Learn From Research. National Education Policy Center (NEPC). University of Colorado Boulder.
Illinois General Assembly. (2019). “Compiled Statutes, Illinois School Code.”
Illinois State Board of Education (ISBE). (2019a). “Illinois Report Card 2017-2018.”
Illinois State Board of Education (ISBE). (2019b). “License Renewal and Registration Beginning with the First Renewal Cycle After July 1, 2014.”
Bargaining for Innovation 20
Illinois State Board of Education (ISBE). (2019c). “Assessment.”
Illinois State Board of Education (ISBE). (2019d). “Illinois Report Card Illinois PARCC.”
Illinois State Board of Education (ISBE). (2018a). “Annual Statistical Report.”
Illinois State Board of Education (ISBE). (2018b). “Illinois District Finances.”
Illinois State Board of Education (ISBE). (2018c). “Flexibility to Define an Instructional Day.”
Illinois State Board of Education (ISBE). (2018d). “Educator Employment Information.”
Illinois State Board of Education (ISBE). (2018e). “Educator Evaluations: New Evaluation Systems Provide Illinois Educators Greater Support.”
Jarmolowski, Hannah. (2017). “November 2017: Teacher Planning and Collaboration Time.” National Council on Teacher Quality.
Jepsen, Christopher. (2015). Class Size: Does it Matter for Student Achievement? Smaller Classes are Often Associated with Increased Achievement, but the Evidence is Far from Universal. IZA World of Labor. University College Dublin, Ireland, and IZA, Germany.
Keller, Megan. (2018). “Illinois Governor Vetoes Bill to Raise Minimum Salary for Teachers.” The Hill.
Lafortune, Julien, Jesse Rothstein, and Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach. (2018). “School Finance Reform and the Distribution of Student Achievement.” American Economic Journal, 10(2): 1-26.
Loeb, Susanna and Marianne E. Page. (2000). “Examining the Link Between Teacher Wages and Student Outcomes: The Importance of Alternative Labor Market Opportunities and Non-Pecuniary Variation.” The Review of Economics and Statistics, 82(3): 393-408. Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Lubotsky, Darren and Craig A. Olson. (2015). Premium Copayments and the Trade-Off Between Wages and Employer-Provided Health Insurance. Journal of Health Economics. University of Illinois at Chicago and University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Manzo, Frank IV, Jill Manzo, and Robert Bruno. (2017). Alternative State and Local Options to Fund Public K-12 Education in Illinois. Illinois Economic Policy Institute and University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Project for Middle Class Renewal.
Miller, Rich. (2019). “Elections Have Consequences.” Capitol Fax.
Morgan, Ivy and Ary Amerikaner. (2018). Funding Gaps 2018: Too Many Students Do Not Get Their Fair Share of Education Funding. The Education Trust.
Morgan, Grant. (2019). “Proponents Say $40K Minimum Salary for Illinois Teachers Would Help Address Shortages.” The State Journal-Register.
National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ). (2018). “Teacher Contract Database.”
Office of Labor-Management Standards (OLMS). (2019). “Union Search FOIA.” United States Department of Labor.
Stevens, Philip and Martin Weale. (2003). Education and Economic Growth. National Institute of Economic and Social Research.
Bargaining for Innovation 21
Taie, Shoyela, Rebecca Goldring, and Maura Spiegelman. (2017). Characteristics of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools in the United States: Results From the 2015–16 National Teacher and Principal Survey First Look. Institute of Education Sciences (IES). U.S. Department of Education.
Taylor, Eric S. and John H. Tyler. (2012). “Can Teacher Evaluation Improve Teaching?” EducationNext.
Thomson-DeVeaux, Amelia. (2014). “Should States Spend Billions to Reduce Class Sizes?” FiveThirtyEight.
Teachers’ Retirement System of the State of Illinois (TRS Illinois). (2019). Comprehensive Annual Financial Report.
Teachers’ Retirement System of the State of Illinois (TRS Illinois). (2015). “Benefit Information Meeting: Tier 1.”
Uerling, Donald F. (2000). Academic Freedom in K-12 Education. Nebraska Law Review. Volume 79, Issue 4, Article 12. Available on Digital Commons.
WIFR. (2019). “Illinois Senate Passes $40,000 Minimum Teacher Salary Bill.”